Force Evaluation Model - FORCEM

U.S. Army Concepts Analysis Agency; Bethesda, MD

FORCEM provides simulation of all of the air-land activities in a theater of operations over an extended period - up to 180 days. Combat operations are at the division level and all of the combat support and combat service support functions from the port to FLOT are represented. It is a fully computerized simulation used in studies and analysis of force planning and resource allocation issues.

The model provides an average value, two-sided, time-stepped representation of the theater activities. Presently the minimum time cycle is a 12-hour period. The level of resolution for combat units is the division. Combat support and combat service support operations are represented by smaller organizational elements.

Road, rail, and water transport routes are given a network representation. Terrain features are resolved to a grid square; the size of the squares may be set as desired, between 5 and 30 km. Functional sub-models represent the major activities of target acquisition, communications, command and control, division engagement, fire support, air operations, unit movement, and combat service support.

As an average value simulation, without player interaction, command and control is represented by automated decision processes at three levels in the theater: corps, Army group, theater. Assessment of division battle is made through an analytic representation of a division engagement with sets of attrition coefficients calibrated to the results of engagements simulated by an independent division model.